Social sciences

A study conducted in Finland has analysed the oral glucose tolerance tests of 1970 men and 2544 women in relation to their preceding three-year employment records. It found that men with high exposure to unemployment had a higher risk for pre-diabetes and screen-detected type 2 diabetes than employed men.
The latest research*eu RESULTS PACK– a collection of articles on EU-funded projects dedicated to a specific field of scientific research – is now available in free, accessible PDF. This brochure focuses on how innovative EU-funded research is delivering innovative solutions to increase green growth through resource efficiency and the move towards a truly genuine circular economy.
Anyone doing their best to get their children to choose a banana over biscuits might want to read on. Research supported by EU funding has fed into the development of a computer game that could help children to go for healthy snacks over chocolate and sweets.
Barriers on Europe’s rivers can improve fishing, be a source of energy and reduce the passage of invasive species, but they can also be a flood risk, interfere with migration patterns and fragment habitats. So what’s the best approach to reconnecting our rivers? One EU-funded project is providing some answers.
Imagine an online video whose content changes according to your gender, age and facial expression/emotions. This revolution is being made a reality by Italian SME Cynny with support from the MORPHCAST project.
If you are into movie and series-related apps, chances are that you’ve recently noticed a newcomer with mouth-watering features named Dive (into your movie and series). Something in-between Wikipedia, Shazam and Zalando, the app makes use of the microphone in your mobile devices to provide real-time information about the scene you’re watching, or allow you to buy the fancy shoes worn by your favourite actor.
Will we have enough fertile land to grow the food our increasing population needs? Is it possible to adapt food production to climate change? How do we define responsible research and innovation in relation to food security? An EU-funded project, which aims to encourage people to debate the issues and articulate their views, has just published a toolkit settig out the steps to maximise grass-roots engagement.
60 minutes shaved off the time it takes to travel by air is an attractive proposition and one that an EU-funded project is now eagerly working on. PASSME has identified stress as the biggest bottleneck and is currently developing solutions to make airports more passenger-friendly, including new approaches to the processing of baggage.
The EU-funded project NOPOOR has been contributing to the fight to eradicate global poverty, by providing a more in-depth empirical understanding of its root causes, and possible solutions.
One of the IT debates of the day surrounds the relative merits of data privacy vs. the need for law enforcement agencies to track criminal, online activity. One EU-funded project has set out to find a middle ground, by giving much needed tools to citizens and law enforcers alike.
Researchers from the EU-funded RATE project have studied more than one thousand press corps deaths across the world between 2002 and 2013. The results paint a stark warning that the deaths of journalists signal a dangerous slide away from human rights adherence and are a potent sign of growing political repression.
Many EU-funded projects are working towards advancing robotics to assist people with overcoming societal challenges, such as providing care for the elderly or providing disaster relief. An academic who worked on one such project has now argued that author Isaac Asimov’s Laws of Robotics are not the moral guidelines that they appear and should be updated.
Researchers and scientists have provided a clearer picture into the true dangers of progressive brain diseases in repeated head sport injuries that must now be tackled head-on.
Researchers and psychologists have published a new study to identify the killer moves which make women better dancers.
Part-supported through the EU-funded SOMA project, robotics researchers have developed versatile robotic grippers to pick thousands of supermarket items.
An EU-funded researcher has made a major contribution to a landmark report over the English Premier League’s failure to meet the needs of disabled fans.
Increasing political polarisation in western democracies was starkly highlighted in 2016 with the UK’s vote for Brexit and the election of Donald Trump in the United States. Such polarisation will likely continue to be a key societal factor as 2017 unfolds and consequently, more attention is being placed on a need to understand the scientific and psychological reasons that drive humans to identify enemies based on race, political beliefs and other perceived threats.
Various studies have established the link between high body-mass index (BMI) in pregnancy and overweight newborn babies. But does this link apply to children and teenagers? New research funded in part under the OBESITYDEVELOP project has set out to verify this hypothesis.
Part-supported through the EU-funded LUMINOUS project, neuroscientists have developed a revolutionary brain-computer interface with those in complete locked-in state (CLIS).
US-based researchers have identified how the compound lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) attaches to serotonin receptors in the brain and why it is so potent.
A new technology combining photoacoustics with ultrasounds has enabled the University of Twente to differentiate between arthritic and healthy fingers, diagnose liber fibrosis and even measure blood velocity. Soon, this device could also be tested for mapping the likes of skin cancer, burns or hardening of the arteries.
The EU-funded DISEASES project has been exploring how the Victorians diagnosed, understood and dealt with many of the phenomena related to stress and overload that characterise today’s modern globalised society. One intriguing discovery has been on the Victorian emphasis on phobias, particularly ailurophobia – the fear of cats.
Researchers have found that our increasing thirst for digital technology can have negative effects on our mental and physical health, neurological development and personal relationships.
It is a well-known fact that Facebook is more than a social media channel. Each year, the company makes about 4 billion dollars in advertising revenues. What people advertising on Facebook did not know until now, however, is how much profit their own activity actually generates.
Many contemporary artworks are endangered due to their extremely fast degradation processes. NANORESTART – a project developing nanomaterials to protect and restore this cultural heritage – has created a 3D printed artwork with a view to testing restoration methods.
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Study in Poland